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Athletic Training - Sports Medicine

Athletic Emergency Action Plans

The purpose of the Emergency Action Plan (EAP) is to guide athletic personnel, emergency medical services, and Greensboro City Police in responding to emergency situations when they occur. It is essential that the Athletic Department have a developed emergency plan that identifies the role of each member of the emergency response team, emergency communications, the necessary emergency equipment, and the emergency protocol for each sporting venue.

List of 12 items.

  • Cardiac Emergency - AED

    Call 911
    There are nine Automated External Defibrillators (AED's) available on the GDS campus – signs designate locations. There is one in each building, and the ATC's carry one portable unit with them in the Gator at outdoor events, assigned to the highest risk activity of the day. The majority of our Coaches, Staff, and Students are trained in the use of an AED and in Professional Rescuer CPR.
  • Allergic Response Emergency

    Anaphylaxis - Students with significant allergies are required by NC law to carry Epinephrine Auto Injectors with them at all times.  The GDS ATC's also carry auto injectors and are on site during athletic practices and games.  The majority of Coaches, Staff, and Students are trained in the use of an auto injector as well as CPR and AED use.
  • Breathing Emergency

    Respiratory Distress, such as an asthma attack, should be cared for by an ATC or Nurse on campus. If the patient has meds, inhaler, or other, they can be administered as needed. The parents of the student athlete will be contacted by the Nurse of ATC.

    Respiratory Arrest - Choking - The majority of our Coaches, Staff, and Students are trained in the Heimlich Maneuver, as well as Professional Rescuer CPR.
  • Immediate care of the injured/ill athlete

    There shall be at least one trained individual at all practices, competitive events, conditioning, and skill sessions. The minimal training is basic first aid and the prevention of disease transmission (blood borne pathogens). These individuals include the LAT-ATC, athletic training student(s), coaches, and staff supervisors of game management. Appropriate emergency first aid steps must be taken in accordance with the level of certification that each trained member of the emergency care team has. The Injury/Illness Emergency Protocols are included at the end of this document.

  • Retrieval of Emergency Equipment

    Appropriate emergency equipment must be retrieved from the designated area at the athletic venue and brought to the scene by a member of the emergency care team.

  • Emergency Personnel

    Licensed and certified athletic trainers (LAT-ATC's) are employed to provide leadership in the health care of the student-athlete including the emergency management of injuries/illnesses during Middle School, Junior Varsity, and Varsity athletic participation under the direction of the team physician.
    Coaches and staff supervisors of game management are required to be trained and maintain certification in the prevention of disease transmission (blood borne pathogens). They are also encouraged to maintain certification in first-aid and CPR. These requirements are in keeping with OSHA standards. They are also guidelines established in the NCISAA Handbook. This training should be completed prior to being assigned to the emergency care team. However, formal training must be conducted for all new personnel within six months of their employment or assignment to the emergency care team. Their role is to provide assistance to the LAT-ATC as part of the emergency medical team in the event of an emergency. Annual review and update of the EAP is conducted with all athletic personnel so that each member of the emergency care team is aware of their respective role in the event of an emergency. The following roles are included in the EAP:
    1. Immediate care of the injured/ill athlete(s)
    2. Retrieval of emergency equipment
    3. Activation of Emergency Medical System (EMS)
    4. Directing EMS to the scene

  • Emergency Equipment

    Appropriate emergency equipment must be on-hand at all athletic practices and competitive events. All assigned emergency care personnel should be aware of the location and function of all emergency equipment. Emergency supplies and equipment include first aid supplies (e.g. dressings, bandages, tape, sling, elastic wraps, etc.), body substance isolation (BSI) materials (protective gloves, gauze, gown, face shield, bleach, neutralizing solution, and spill kit), vacuum splints, and crutches. Training and updates on the proper use of said equipment is conducted annually prior to the beginning of the fall academic year for all emergency care personnel. The equipment is checked prior to practices and competitive events for proper function and availability.

  • Activation of EMS

    One member of the emergency care team will be directed to utilize the emergency communication device (portable two-way radio, cellular phone or stationary hard-wired telephone) to contact the 911 operator who will then activate EMS. This individual shall be trained in activating EMS. They must be calm, have a full understanding of the emergency, communicate well, and be able to identify the location of the emergency. They also must be familiar with use of the emergency communication devices and where they are located if not on their person.

  • Directing EMS to the Scene

    The GDS Athletic staff will take on the primary role of activating the EMS system and then directing the local rescue squad to the emergency scene. However, a member of the emergency care team or any member of the athletic staff may go to the appropriate location to assist the GSO Fire/Police in directing EMS to the scene.

  • Emergency Communications

    A cell phone, or stationary hard-wired telephone is on-site at each Varsity athletic practice and competitive event which allows direct contact with the Athletic Department staff as well as 911 dispatch in the event of serious or life-threatening emergencies. In the event that a LAT-ATC is not on-site for an athletic practice or competitive event, the head coach or qualified designee shall have a portable cell phone, or immediate access to a stationary hard-wired telephone for emergency use. When activating EMS via campus telephone, dial 911. When utilizing cell phone or non-campus telephone, also contact 911. If you are located at an off-campus venue, such as Spears YMCA, GSO College Pool, or A.H.A Gymnasium, also call 911.

  • Transportation Care

    Emergency transportation of an injured/ill student-athlete is provided via the EMS system by contacting the 911 dispatch who will in turn summon an ambulance to the scene of the emergency. An individual of the student-athlete’s choice may provide transportation to a local emergency room for a student-athlete with a non-life-threatening injury/illness. A member of the emergency care team may provide transportation to the emergency room only if adequate emergency care coverage is maintained at the athletic venue. A Gator cart is available (on-campus only) for transport of student-athletes with minor injuries/illnesses.

  • EAP in the Event of Lightning

    The following steps are modified from those recommended by the NCAA and the National Severe Storms Laboratory (NSSL) in the event of lightning or severe storm warning:
    1. A member of the emergency care team (LAT-ATC, coach, or staff supervisor of event management) is designated to monitor threatening weather conditions and make the decision to remove a team or individuals from an athletic venue or event.
    2. Monitoring should include obtaining a weather report prior to a practice or competitive event. Be aware of potential thunderstorms that may form. Be aware of National Weather Service-issued (NWS) thunderstorm "watches" and "warnings" as well as the signs of thunderstorms developing nearby. "Watch" means conditions are favorable for severe weather to develop in an area; a "warning" means that severe weather has been reported in an area and for everyone to take proper precautions.
    3. Be aware of how close lightning is occurring. Count the seconds using the flash-to-bang (flash of lightning to clap of thunder) method. Count the seconds and divide by five, which gives you the distance, in miles, that the lightning strike occurred. By the time the flash-to-bang count is 30 seconds, all individuals should have moved to safety. Be alert at the first sign of lightning or thunder and judge the time necessary to evacuate all individuals from the athletic venue. Ideally, 30 minutes should pass following the last flash of lightning or clap of thunder before resuming athletic activity. (See EAP's for each of the athletic venues for safe location.)
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